The park was established in 1949 to protect Mt. Kenya, the second highest peak in Africa at 5.199m. This ancient extinct volcano is a world heritage site and simply beautiful. With rugged glacier-glad summits and forested middle slopes, this landscape is incredibly impressive. Diversified wildlife in the area includes leopards, elephants and buffalo making the summit of this popular mountain thrilling. Hyrax and common duiker play an important role in the ecosystem at the higher altitudes of the mountain. The mountain has sacred roles in the cultures of the Kikuyu, Ameru, Embu and Maasai People.

There are eight walking routes to the main peaks. Majority of the peaks require rock climbing thus making the climb of these peaks popular for rock climbing enthusiasts. Other activities such as fishing and birdwatching are also offered at various accommodations.